31 March 2020 – The European Union is stepping up its efforts to enforce the UN arms embargo on Libya, thereby contributing to the peace process in the country, through the launch of a new CSDP(Common Security and Defence Policy) military operation in the Mediterranean.
The Council today adopted a decision launching Operation EUNAVFOR MED IRINI.
IRINI, (Greek for “peace”), will have as its core task the implementation of the UN arms embargo through the use of aerial, satellite and maritime assets. In particular the mission will be able to carry out inspections of vessels on the high seas off the coast of Libya suspected to be carrying arms or related material to and from Libya in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 2292 (2016).
As secondary tasks, EUNAVFOR MED IRINI will also:
- monitor and gather information on illicit exports from Libya of petroleum, crude oil and refined petroleum products;
- contribute to the capacity building and training of the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy in law enforcement tasks at sea;
- contribute to the disruption of the business model of human smuggling and trafficking networks through information gathering and patrolling by planes.
IRINI will be led by Rear Admiral Fabio Agostini as EU Operation Commander, and its headquarters will be located in Rome, Italy.
The mandate of Operation IRINI will initially last until 31 March 2021, and will be under the close scrutiny of EU Member States, that will exercise political control and strategic direction through the Political and Security Committee (PSC), under the responsibility of the Council and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
In parallel with the launch of Operation IRINI, the existing EUNAVFOR MED operation in the Mediterranean, SOPHIA, will permanently cease its activities.